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Watch | How to adopt a child in India?

Is it easy to adopt a child in India? Has the process gotten easier over the years?

The adoption process in India is governed by two laws – the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1965, and the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.

The two laws have different criteria for parents who wish to adopt a child.

For adoption under the Juvenile Justice Act, also known as the JJ ACT, applicants must first register on CARA’s portal. CARA is short for Central Adoption Resource Authority.

The agency is responsible for mandating and monitoring adoption in India. It also maintains a pool of children who are legally awaiting adoption.

After registration, the agency conducts a home survey to confirm the applicant’s eligibility. Once declared eligible, a child from the CARA pool is referred to the applicant.

For adoption under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act of 1965, or HAMA, a court order or deed of adoption is sufficient to adopt a child.

How difficult is the process? And what are the recent changes?

Read the full story.

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